Chardonnay is a grape of many contradictions. On the one hand, it is by far (by far) America’s most consumed variety. On the other, it is often one of its most scorned with a loud and vocal ABC – Anything But Chardonnay – movement some years back. Unoaked and 'Naked' Chardonnays sprung up in opposition to the big, oaky styles that California produced in abundance. Liking Chardonnay seemed like something one needed to say secretly.
Things are no different in Washington where Chardonnay often leads the state in terms of production, as it did in 2012, just edging out Riesling and Cabernet Sauvignon (2013 numbers are not yet available). Yet here, high quality bottles remain relatively scarce (read an exploration of Washington’s ‘Chardonnay Paradox’ in Edible Seattle here). Recently, however, Chardonnay’s fate seems to be changing in the state with not one, not two but three different wineries starting Chardonnay-only projects (!) in recent years.
The first to release its wines was Array Cellars. A project of Henry Smilowicz, Array made its first vintage in 2010 and in 2011 produced three wines: one Dijon Clone Chardonnay from Otis Harlan Vineyard in the Yakima Valley, one from Conner Lee Vineyard in the Columbia Valley, and the third a Washington State blend from Celilo, Stillwater Creek, Dionysus, and Jewett Creek. The wines are made by consulting winemakers Brian Carter and Robert Takahashi. The Otis Vineyard wine in particular is an attention getter – one of the best bottles in the state.
The next project – with wines just being released - comes from Chris Gorman of Gorman Winery. Gorman has long made his Big Sissy Chardonnay. However, he is now launching a Chardonnay-only project called Ashan Cellars. For Gorman, the name is part sound, part biblical name, and – of course – the fact that The Doors' Jim Morrison sings, “Ashen lady give up your vows” in Roadhouse Blues doesn’t hurt.
“I’ve been thinking about it for about three years now, since I fell in love with making Big Sissy,” Gorman said of the project.
At Ashan, Gorman is producing three vineyard designated Chardonnays: one from Celilo Vineyard in the Columbia Gorge; one from Conner Lee Vineyard in the Columbia Valley; and one from Kestrel Vineyard in the Yakima Valley. To select the vineyards, Gorman focused on old vine fruit, using vines planted in 1972 (Kestrel), 1973 (Celilo), and 1991 (Conner Lee’s oldest Chardonnay block).
Intriguingly, the 2012 Gorman Winery Big Sissy Chardonnay contains fruit from all three sites and so affords the opportunity to taste something of a union of the three (read review here). The Ashan wines are each treated slightly differently with the Celilo Vineyard wine aged in 40% new French oak while both the Kestrel and Conner Lee wines were aged in 100% new French oak but with different coopers. All of them were fermented with native yeasts. Each of the three Ashan releases are thrilling wines made in Gorman’s trademark, bold style with plentiful viscosity and texture. Like the vineyards they come from, they are distinct and each demanding of attention.
The final project – not yet officially named or with released wines – comes from Charles Smith. Smith will also be producing three different vineyard designated Chardonnays (do you sense a theme here?), focusing largely on higher altitude sites.
Of great intrigue here, Smith hired rock star winemaker (can a winery really have two rock star winemakers??) Brennon Leighton, previously of Woodinville’s EFESTE, in part to head up the project in addition to other responsibilities at the winery. Leighton showed a particularly skilled touch with the grape during his tenure as white winemaker at Chateau Ste. Michelle and also at EFESTE with the Lola Chardonnay from Evergreen Vineyard.
“I’ve been interested in high elevation sites for quite a while,” Leighton said when I spoke with him about the project. “Doing higher elevation you can crop lower and get the concentration up without having a lot of sugar ripening or losing acidity.” Leighton’s experience at Chateau Ste. Michelle gave him a perfect perspective on just which sites might work best. “It’s about going out there and trying to make the best wines we can possibly make,” Leighton said of the project.
No word as of yet on when these wines will be released (the first wines were made in 2012) or what the release prices will be, but with Smith's full weight behind them, it's hard to imagine they won't command a premium price. Barrel tasting the wines earlier this year, they will be more than worth the wait. They are among the most exciting Chardonnays I have sampled from Washington to date.
So, is Washington Chardonnay really making a comeback? Well, again, it’s hard to call it that because it is and has been Washington’s most produced variety. Still, the grape has been going through a period of ennui in Washington and when three different wineries start notable Chardonnay-only projects within a couple years of each other, it's clear that Chardonnay is back.
Promisingly, these projects display something different for Washington: a commitment to producing high quality white wines at higher price points that only a handful of wineries here have gone after. You could probably count on two hands white wines from Washington $40 and above with $55 the ceiling. And this is a very good thing for Washington if these winemakers succeed and with the track records of Gorman and Charles Smith, there’s no reason to think they won’t.
As I wrote earlier this year in an article for Vineyard & Winery Management, Washington growers and winemakers have been caught in a vicious cycle. Consumers haven’t shown a willingness as of yet to pay top dollar for Washington whites. As a result, many growers and winemakers can’t afford to pay as much attention to them as they do their reds because it doesn’t make sense financially. The result is a lot of good white wine that fails to be great or an abandonment of white wines altogether by many wineries.
If these new projects can demonstrate that consumers are willing to pay more for Washington whites if the quality is there, might others follow suit? You betcha. This would allow growers to give more attention in the vineyard and winemakers to put more of a focus on the wines in the winery. And that's a good thing for everybody. If so, Washington may (finally) have more high quality white wines to go with its abundance of top quality reds. Here’s to that!
Array Cellars Chardonnay Dijon Clone Otis Harlan Vineyard Yakima Valley 2011 $32
(Excellent) Coming from what is believed to be the state’s oldest Dijon clone, this is an immediately appealing wine with candy corn, summer squash, and light buttery notes. The palate has rich, textured fruit flavors with a creamy finish. 100% Chardonnay. Barrel fermented and aged in French oak (22% new) with full malolactic fermentation. 13.5% alcohol. 186 cases produced.
Array Cellars Chardonnay Washington 2011 $25
(Good) A blend of Celilo, Stillwater Creek, Dionysus, and Jewett Creek vineyards, it’s moderately aromatic with pumpkin spices and corn silk. The palate is medium bodied with light fruit flavors. 100% Chardonnay. Celilo Vineyard (30%), Stillwater Creek (30%), Dionysus (23%) and Jewett Creek (17%) vineyards. Barrel fermented with full malolactic fermentation. 13.7% alcohol. 473 cases produced.
Array Cellars Chardonnay Conner Lee Vineyard Columbia Valley 2011 $32
(Good) Coming from 1991 plantings, it’s moderately aromatic with spice, candy corn, and tropical fruit. The palate is medium bodied with a rounded, textured feel. 100% Chardonnay. Full malolactic fermentation. 13.8% alcohol. 200 cases produced.
Ashan Winery Chardonnay Celilo Vineyard Columbia Gorge 2012 $45
A nuanced wine with candy corn, lemon butter, spice, and mineral notes. The palate is textured, rich yet restrained with lemony acidity running throughout and a lingering finish. A beautiful expression of Chardonnay. 100% Chardonnay. Barrel fermented using native yeast. Aged sur lees for 9 months in 40% new French oak. 13.3% alcohol. (Wine Enthusiast review to be published in subsequent issue).
Ashan Winery Chardonnay Kestrel Vineyard Yakima Valley 2012 $45
(Exceptional) An aromatic offering of Chardonnay with buttery spices, caramel, toast, and tropical fruit. The palate is full bodied, viscous and rich with a palate coating, creamy feel and an extended finish. Not for the faint of heart, it’s an unapologetically bold Chardonnay that delivers the goods. 100% Chardonnay. Barrel fermented and aged 10 months in French oak (100% new). 14.9% alcohol.
Ashan Winery Chardonnay Conner Lee Vineyard Columbia Valley 2012 $45
(Exceptional) Coming from Clone 15 1991 plantings, it’s an arresting wine with cardamom, sweet spices, light buttery notes, toast, and tropical fruit. The palate is full bodied, incredibly rich with a lot of viscosity and texture that lead to a warm, 30-plus second finish. It’s a bold, high octane wine but by and large it holds it. 100% Chardonnay. Barrel fermented and aged 10 month in French oak (100% new). 15.2% alcohol.